Triprayar located south
of Thrissur, near Irinjalakuda bears a magnificient
temple to Rama which is associated with many interesting legends.
Associated closely with this temple are temples dedicated to Lakshmana at
Tirumoozhikkalam (which is one of
the 108 Vaishnava Divya Desam temples), Bharata
at Koodalmaanikkam and to Satrugna at Payammel.
Legend related to the
origin of the image
The peacock legend
has it that four images of the heroic brothers Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Satrugna were
washed ashore and were discovered by a local chieftan Vakkey Kaimal and
were installed at the sites mentioned above. All of these four images are those of Vishnu,
but are referred to as Rama, Lakshmanaperumaal, Bharata and Satrugna. Offering
worship at each of these four shrines on a given day, is considered auspicious.
The image of Rama resembles the chaturbhuja Vishnu form with four arms,
bearing a conch, a disc, a bow and a garland respectively. It is believed that the
deity worshipped here possesses some of the aspects of Shiva too. The image is adorned
with necklaces and othe fine jewelry. Images of Sridevi and Bhudevi are on either side.
Rama has been conceived in the form of the victor over the demon Khara.
There is an image of Dakshinamurthy,
in the sanctum facing the south.
It is also believed that the portrayal of
Rama with a garland held in the image's hands is also suggestive of
aspects of Bhrahma and hence the deity is said to be a manifestation of the Trimurthis.
An unseen manifestation of Hanuman
is worshipped in a mandapam across the hall from the sanctum. There is also a shrine to
Ganapathi in this temple.
In the outer courtyard of the temple is a
shrine to Saasta or Ayyappan. It is believed that the Saasta shrine was
located originally at the site corresponding to the temples sanctum.
This temple is rich in wood carvings. The namaskara mandapam which faces the circular
sanctum (srikovil) has 24 panels of wood carvings and several ancient murals. The
circular sanctum has several sculptural representations of scenes from the Ramayana.
The Triprayar temple was originally under the domain of the Zamorin rulers of Kerala. It
later came under the posession of the Dutch, the Mysore sultans and the rulers of Cochin.
worship services: Five worship services are carried out each day - (usha,
etirthu, panthirati, uccha, athazha). A processional image of the deity is carried around
the temple three times a day.
: The seven day Pooram festival is celebrated in the malayala month of Meenam (Tamil
- Pankuni), and it concludes in the Pooram asterism (just one day ahead of Pankuni
Utthiram in Tamilnadu).
The Ekadashi festival in the month of
Scorpio (November - December) is also a festive occasion, along the lines of the Guruvayur
temple. The day preceding Ekadashi witnesses a procession of Saasta, while the Ekadasi
festival is marked by a procession of Rama flanked by 21 elephants and royal
Arts: Angya Koottu is a local theater form (pantomime) which is offered as a
worship service in this temple, inside the temple premises. In the 12 day performance
season in the month of Scorpio, episodes from the Ramayana involving Hanuman's bringing
back a ring from Sita to Rama are enacted.
peacock legend: Many legends unique to this part of the country prevail in
this temple. It is said that when the image of Rama was discovered and was about to be
consecrated, it was divinely ordained that a peacock would appear and mark the exact spot
on which it was to be installed. Apparently the devotees installed the image in a spot
where a devotee bearing peacock feathers appeared. It is said that they regretted their
decision later when a peacock actually appeared at another spot. To make up for this
deficiency the sacrificial altar or the balikkallu was installed at the spot marked by the
It is believed that the sacrificial altar
kept spinning on its axis until a yogi stabilized it by hammering a nail through it amidst
the chanting of mantras.
Thus, the fact that the image was not
installed at the divinely ordained site, caused a dosham or a blemish. To make up for the
blemish, images of Sridevi and Bhudevi were installed on
either side of the deity. It is believed that Vilvamangalam Swami who is associated with
several temples of Kerala, installed these images and shut the Western doors of the
temple. The western doors of the temple remain shut even today.