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29. Tiruvavaduturai

திரு ஆவடுதுறை 

Location: Tiruvavaduturai near Mayiladuturai, Narasinganpettai
(Chola Naadu-South of Kaveri )
Shiva: Masilamaneesar, Gomukteesar
Ambal: Oppilamulaiyammai, Atulakuchanayaki
Vriksham: Arasamaram
Theertham: Mukti Theertham
Patikam : Sambandar, Appar, Sundarar
Travel Base: Thanjavur
Description: This shrine is home to the Tiruvavaduturai Adhinam, the reputed Saiva Matham which manages several charitable endowments . The annual festival here is of great significance and the dance of Tyagarajar- Sundaranatanam is enacted (Pandarkatchi); this festival coincides with the Gurupooja at the Adhinam. Tiruvavaduturai is considered to be the 36th in the series of Tevara Stalams in the Chola kingdom located south of the river Kaveri. 

Legend has it that Parvati worshipped Shiva in the form of a cow. Shiva is said to have displayed this shrine as Tiruvarur, and himself as Tyagarajar to Muchukunda Chola (of the famed Tiruvarur Tyagaraja legend).. The stalavriksham Arasamaram is said to represent the Devas. Yama is said to have worshipped here. Tirumoolar composed his Tirumantiram (under the arasa maram) here. Shiva is said to have blessed Sambandar with material resources for the conduct of religious services. Several Sidhas are said to have been blessed here. The legends associated with this temple are connected with the legends relating to Shiva's marriage with Parvati at Tiruvazhundur, .Tirutturutti (Kutralam), Tiruvelvikkudi, Tirumanancheri and Edirkolpadi.

Architecture:  This temple with 3 prakarams covers an area of about 10 acres and its entrance is adorned with a huge  Rajagopuram; a gigantic Nandi and separate temples for Ambal and Tirumular adorn this shrine..There are no Nandis on the walls of the temple.Shiva is said to have revealed a vision of his Cosmic Dance under the Arasamaram, hence the name Bodhi Ambalam. Kochenkancholan is associated with this shrine.  

Inscriptions from the period of Parantaka Chola I are found here testifying to the patronage extended. Mention is made in the inscriptions of several of the bronze images which were donated to the temple then, although these ancient images are not to be seen now. Based on temple inscriptions it can be inferred that a person by name Katralippichchan  built much of the stone structure of the temple while Parantaka Chola I,  provided for the rest of the construction. Images of several of the donors, such as Katralippichchan are carved within the temple.

Festivals:  Six worship services are offered each day.  The annual Bhrammotsavam is celebrated in the month of Thai (Capricorn), and Rathasaptami which falls during this time is considered very significant. Also celebrated are Arudra Darisanam, Aani Tirumanjanam, Skanda Sashti, Aadi pooram and the Saptami in the month of Cancer.

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