Madurai is one of the oldest
cities of India, with a history dating all the way back to the Sangam
period of the pre Christian era. The glory of Madurai returned in a
diminished form in the earlier part of this millennium; it later on came under the rule of
the Vijayanagar kingdom after its ransack by the ravaging armies of Delhi
(Malik Kafur). During the 16th through the 18th
centuries, Madurai was ruled by the Nayak Emperors, the
foremost of whom was Tirumalai Nayakar.
The Sangam age or the Golden age
of Tamil literature produced masterpieces way back in the Pre
christian era and in early 1st millennium CE. Madurai
was the seat of the Tamil Sangam or Academy of learning.
The entire city of Madurai, is built around
the Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple the temple par excellence.
Concentric rectangular streets surround the temple, symbolizing the structure of the
Popular belief is that Meenakshi (Parvati),
is the queen of Madurai, a Pandyan princess known originally as Tatatakai,
who married Shiva. The
coronation and the marriage ceremonies are still celebrated in a grand manner, that can be
compared to the Dussera Parade of Mysore. Meenakshi
and Somasundarar are regarded as the eternal rulers of the Pandya
Over 20000 pilgrims and visitors visit the temple each day.
This temple is a vibrant cultural center brimming with tradition,
festivals, art, architectural and sculptural splendor and can be described as the
best possible representation of the millennia old cultural ethos of the Indian
subcontinent in terms of the plurality of faiths that surround the temple,
the richness of traditions and festivals,
Also in Madurai are the Aappudaiyaar
Koyil Tevara Stalam and the Koodalazhagar
Divya Desam. In the vicinity of Madurai is Tirupparamkunram,
one of the 6 padai veedu shrines of Murugan (glorified in Madurai
Sangam Nakeerars Tirumurugaatruppadai). Also in the vicinity of Madurai is Alagar Koyil, one of the prominent Divya Desam
shrines of the Sri Vaishnavite faith.