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Temples of Tamilnadu
Abodes of Shiva

Introduction: Uttirakosamangai is an ancient Shivastalam, closely associated with Maanikkavacakar, one of the revered saints in the Tamil Saivite tradition. Although it has not been revered by the hymns of the Nayanmars, it has been addressed by the tamil hymns of Manikkavacakar.  Maanikkavacakar is the author of the celebrated Tamil works Tiruvaacakam, Tiruvempaavai, Tiruppalliezhuchi, Sivapuraanam and more.

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Uttirakosamangai, Tiruvaadavur are shrines in the Pandya Kingdom closely connected with the life of Maanikkavacakar. Uttirakosamangai is located at a distance of 16 km south west of Ramanathapuram, and it has been patronized by the royal family of Ramanathapuram. This temple is rich in legend tradition and history.

Legend has it that upon Parvati (Mangai)'s request, Shiva (Nayakar) recited the Vedas and hence Uttarakosamangai. Subramanyar is said to have hidden himself in the form of a bee, in her hair and overheard the conversation. An enraged Shiva's curse turned Subramanya into a fish and Parvati into a mermaid. Parvati as a mermaid was discovered in the sea in the Ramanathapuram area by King Vikrama, who raised her as his own daughter. In the meanwhile, Shiva came down in the guise of a fisherman, when Mangai reached adulthood, absolved the fish of its curse, and sought Mangai's hand in marriage. (Tiruvilaiyaadal).

Deities: Shiva is  referred to as Mangalanaathar and as Kalyananayakan, and Uttirakosamangai as Kalyanamangalam and Parvati as Kalyananayaki.

The Natarajar shrine here is of great significance. The emerald Natarajar is kept covered with sandalpaste which is removed only on the day of Margazhi Tiruvaadirai.

Festivals: Tirukkalyanam is celebrated in the month of Chittirai. The Maargazhi festival and the abhishekam to the emerald Natarajar are of great significance here.